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FILTRATION SKID PACKAGE

FILTERATION MODULAR PROCESS SKIDS


Filtration modular process skids are compact and self-contained units designed for various filtration processes in the oil and gas, chemical, and other industries. These skids integrate multiple components and equipment required for filtration operations into a single modular package, providing a flexible and efficient solution for process applications.

FILTRATION SKID PACKAGE

Filtration modular process skids typically consist of the following main components:

 

➣ Filter vessels: Depending on the filtration process and application, different types of filter vessels may be included, such as cartridge filters, bag filters, multimedia filters, or pressure leaf filters.

➣ Pumps: The skid incorporates pumps to circulate and transfer the process fluids through the filtration system. Common pump types used include centrifugal pumps, positive displacement pumps, or specialized pumps for handling specific fluid characteristics.

➣ Piping and valves: A network of piping and valves is integrated into the skid to direct the flow of fluids between different components and allow for proper isolation, control, and maintenance.

➣ Instrumentation and controls: Various instrumentation, such as flow meters, pressure gauges, and level indicators, are included to monitor and control the filtration process. The skid may also have a local control panel or be integrated with a larger plant control system.

➣ Ancillary equipment: Depending on the application, additional equipment may be included, such as backwash systems, air blowers, chemical dosing systems, or sludge handling systems.

➣ Skid structure: The entire assembly is mounted on a skid or base, which allows for easy transportation, installation, and relocation.

Filtration modular process skids offer several advantages over traditional, field-erected filtration systems:

➣ Compact footprint: The modular design allows for efficient use of space, making it suitable for applications with limited available area.

➣ Pre-assembled and tested: The skids are typically pre-assembled and tested in a controlled environment, ensuring proper integration and functionality before deployment.

➣ Rapid deployment: Modular skids can be quickly transported and installed on-site, reducing project timelines and allowing for faster commissioning.

➣ Flexibility: The modular nature of the skids allows for easy modification, expansion, or reconfiguration to accommodate changing process requirements or future upgrades.

➣ Standardization: Skid manufacturers can offer standardized designs, which can lead to cost savings and streamlined maintenance procedures.

Filtration modular process skids are widely used in various applications, including:

 

• Produced water treatment in oil and gas production facilities

• Process water treatment in refineries and petrochemical plants

• Industrial wastewater treatment

• Pretreatment for reverse osmosis or other membrane processes

• Solid-liquid separation in mining and mineral processing operations

The specific configuration and components of a filtration modular process skid are tailored to the specific application, fluid characteristics, and treatment requirements. Proper selection, sizing, and integration of the skid components are crucial for achieving efficient and reliable filtration performance.

REMOVING IMPURITIES FROM NATURAL GAS WITH AMINE FILTRATION

An amine filtration skid is a modular and transportable equipment used in the oil and gas industry for the removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from natural gas or other gas streams. It typically consists of the following main components:

FILTRATION SKID PACKAGE

Amine Filtration Skid – Germany

Amine Contactor: This is a vertical column or vessel where the gas stream is brought into contact with a liquid amine solution, typically an aqueous solution of monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), or methyldiethanolamine (MDEA). The amine solution selectively absorbs H2S and CO2 from the gas stream.

 

Amine Regenerator: This is another column or vessel where the rich amine solution (containing absorbed H2S and CO2) is heated to release the absorbed gases. The regenerated lean amine solution is then recycled back to the amine contactor.

 

Amine Circulation Pumps: These pumps are used to circulate the amine solution between the contactor and regenerator.

 

Heat Exchanger: A heat exchanger is used to transfer heat from the hot, regenerated lean amine solution to the rich amine solution before it enters the regenerator, improving the overall energy efficiency of the process.

 

Filters and Separators: Various filters and separators are included to remove any solid particles, liquid hydrocarbons, or other contaminants from the gas stream and amine solution.

 

Instrumentation and Control Systems: The skid is equipped with instrumentation and control systems to monitor and regulate the process parameters, such as temperature, pressure, flow rates, and amine solution concentrations.

 

The amine filtration skid is designed to be compact, modular, and portable, allowing it to be easily transported and installed at various oil and gas production sites or processing facilities. It is typically used as a pre-treatment step before other gas processing operations, such as dehydration or liquefaction, to ensure that the gas stream meets the required specifications for downstream processes or transportation.

NUT SHELL FILTER AND HYDRO-CYCLONE FILTER SKID PRODUCED WATER

 

Nut shell filter and hydro-cyclone filter skids are commonly used in the treatment of produced water in the oil and gas industry. These skids are designed to remove solid particles and other contaminants from the produced water stream. Here's an overview of each component:

NUT SHELL FILTER AND HYDRO-CYCLONE FILTER SKID PRODUCED WATER

Nut Shell Filter Skid: Nut shell filters, also known as walnut shell filters or pecan shell filters, are a type of granular media filter that uses crushed nut shells as the filter media.

The nut shell filter skid typically consists of the following components:

a. Filter vessel: A pressure vessel containing the nut shell media bed.

b. Influent and effluent connections: Piping connections for the untreated and treated water streams.

c. Backwash system: A system for periodically backwashing the filter to remove accumulated solids and maintain filter performance.

d. Instrumentation and controls: Instruments for monitoring pressure, flow, and other parameters, along with controls for automated operation.

Nut shell filters are effective in removing suspended solids, including sand, silt, and other insoluble particles, from produced water. They are commonly used as a pre-treatment step before other treatment processes, such as desalination or water injection.

Hydro-cyclone Filter Skid: Hydro-cyclone filters are centrifugal separation devices that use centrifugal force to remove solid particles from the fluid stream. A hydro-cyclone filter skid typically includes:

a. Hydro-cyclone vessel(s): Conical vessels where the centrifugal separation occurs.

b. Inlet and outlet connections: Piping connections for the untreated and treated water streams, as well as connections for the underflow (concentrated solids).

c. Pumps: Pumps to provide the necessary pressure and flow for the hydro-cyclone operation.

d. Instrumentation and controls: Instruments for monitoring pressure, flow, and other parameters, along with controls for automated operation.

Hydro-cyclone filters are effective in removing coarse and dense solid particles, such as sand, from produced water. They are often used as a pre-treatment step before other filtration or treatment processes, as they can handle high solids loading and reduce the burden on downstream equipment.

Both nut shell filter and hydro-cyclone filter skids are designed for modular and skid-mounted installation, making them easily transportable and suitable for various produced water treatment facilities. They can be used in combination with other treatment processes, such as coagulation, dissolved air flotation, or membrane filtration, to achieve the desired level of produced water treatment.

The selection and configuration of these skids depend on factors such as the characteristics of the produced water, the required effluent quality, and the overall treatment process design. Proper operation and maintenance of these skids are crucial for ensuring efficient and reliable produced water treatment.

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